美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (规范英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。

Special English 又名“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全国际非英语国家初学英语的听众组织的一种简易、规范的英语播送节目。该节目创始于50年代晚期,是VOA 的专家们研讨怎么与国际各地的英语学习者进行外交的产品。它正式开播于1959年10月。其时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目合适许多国家英语学习者的需求,所以它的播送方针不久就扩大到国际其他区域,并很快在全国际规模内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚播送一次,对加勒比区域每晚播送一次(星期天在外),对东南亚播送次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。

30多年来,VOA 为了办妥Special English节目,进行了很多的查询研讨作业,对播音速度、内容及用词规模都作了具体规定,根本上达到了既能为英语学习者供给信息,又不危害英语自身风格的意图,使之成为VOA 独具特色,具有最很多听众的节目。

美国闻名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指清楚Special English的三条规范,也便是它所“特别”的当地:

1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个根本单词为主体构成的美国英语;

2、它用简略、清楚的语句写作和播送;

3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(规范英语)速度进行播送。

Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。

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In todays Ask a Teacher, our reader Mastaneh asks how to recognize syllables in a word.
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The Catholic Church rejected the official result of the Democratic Republic of the Congos presidential election on Thursday. And the losing candidate called the result a robbery.
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Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized the U.S. national security advisor for saying there were conditions on the planned U.S. withdrawal from Syria. John Bolton left Turkey’s capital without speaking with the president. Two thousand U.S. troop
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Most healthy children between the ages of four and 10 grow about five centimeters a year. Parents often notice this growth by how quickly their children grow out of their clothes and shoes. However, when a child does not reach usual growth markers, it cou
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Traditional games meet modern technology at a futuristic entertainment business in Los Angeles, California.
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A new study suggests climate conditions in the Sahara Desert has changed from wet to dry about every 20,000 years.
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Visitors to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago have been able to see Sue since 2000. However, for most of 2018, Sue was nowhere to be seen. Instead, experts spent 10 months working on and adding to the world-famous skeleton.
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In 2010, a gunshot crushed Iraly Yanez’s dreams of finding a job as a dancer. But now, she is working toward her goal of becoming a professional dancer, thanks to a dance company that helps physically disabled individuals perform.
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Apple says dropping demand for iPhones in China will cause overall revenue to fall well below previous predictions.
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Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is the youngest woman ever elected to the U.S. Congress. One critic recently shared an old video of Ocasio-Cortez on Twitter that was meant to harm her reputation. It shows her and other students dancing to music. And she replied
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Today’s question is about a modal that is commonly confused with an expression. Here’s the question, which comes from a listener named Cafer.
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Metalachi’s members call themselves the first and only heavy metal mariachi band. They mix the traditional mariachi sound from Mexico with modern Heavy metal.
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China’s space program has become the first to land a spacecraft on the so-called dark side of the moon. The landing on Thursday brought the country closer to its goal of becoming a space power.
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The director of a well-known art museum in Italy is urging Germany to return a Dutch painting stolen by Nazi troops during World War II.
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Two women entered a Hindu temple for the first time since a ban was lifted on female visitors between the ages of 10 and 50.
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Visitors to the U.S. National Museum of the American Indian recently had a chance to buy artwork made by some of the world’s finest Native American artists.
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Many high School students in the United States get hands-on training in construction skills by building real houses. Recently, a group of students in the U.S. state of Iowa took part in construction training that centered on the skill of masonry.
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People around the world are saying goodbye to what many considered to be a troubling year.
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Chinese martial arts fighters have their own take on the sport of bullfighting.
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Researchers in Italy have found an unusual dinosaur. They said that the ancient land animal somehow ended up in the sea where it was a meal for many different sea creatures.
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It’s alive! Its alive! Its alive! Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley, turned 200 years old in 2018!
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The term was first used in 1812 by an artist who made pictures for a newspaper. The artist wanted to call attention to a strangely-shaped voting area in the state of Massachusetts.
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Today we talk about the word resolution. Resolution is a word with more than one meaning.
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Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the successful test of an extremely fast weapon that would be ready soon. The U.S. Defense Department said its existence could create an imbalance between the two countries, and cause America to develop its own h
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Japan announces plans to withdraw from the International Whaling Commission and to restart commercial whale hunting. The hunts are to be limited to Japanese territorial waters. A Japanese official also said his country plans to stop whale hunting in the A
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Department of Homeland Security officials defended their actions and called for new measures after the death of a second migrant child in U.S. detention. An eight-year-old boy from Guatemala died at a New Mexico hospital this week.
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A Portland, Oregon man has become the first person to travel across Antarctica by himself without receiving any assistance.
该音频有LRC字幕 www.188bet.com2018-12-28
North and South Korea held a ceremony on Wednesday to mark the beginning of an effort to modernize the North’s railways and roads. The countries received permission from the U.N. for a joint inspection of North Korea’s railroad system.
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How do you measure a chicken’s happiness? Is it in the way it runs for food? Or by how much time it spends cleaning itself? To find the answers to these questions, researchers in Canada are putting 16 kinds of chickens through a series physical and mental
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Ma Chunyan’s hands appear to hold Vincent Van Gogh’s famous painting The Starry Night. But it is not Van Gogh’s masterpiece. The 32-year old Chinese artist is holding a $145 reproduction she made in one day from an image on her cell phone.
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South Korea’s President has proposed measures designed to increase economic growth in the country. A recent report suggests that South Korea could face difficult economic times if there are no changes in the current policies.
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该音频有LRC字幕 现金网开户附字幕:食用色素:天然仍是不天然?2018-12-23
Food companies are promising to use less artificial coloring in their foods, but how natural are some of the colors we associate with our food?
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