专四必备语法:状语从句2015-11-25
十五、复合句——副词性(状语)从句 副词在句中起状语效果,故假如起状语效果的部分为一个语句,那么该句便是副词性从句,也称状语从句.状语从句可细分为:时刻、地址、条件、原因、退让、意图、成果、比较、方法等. 状语从句的测验关键为:考察考生对主从句之间逻辑含义联络的把握,看其是否能挑选正确的隶属连词.
专四必备语法:主谓共同2015-11-25
十一、主谓共同问题 1.主语与谓语之间有定语从句或其他结构润饰,所以间隔较远,考生易误认主语.
专四必备语法:虚拟语气2015-11-24
如:If the doctor had been available, the child could not have died. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, should there be a sudden loud noise.
专四必备语法:描述词、副词及其比较级2015-11-24
八、描述词、副词及其比较级 1.描述词的句法功用 描述词在句中做定语、表语和主语.考生应留意: (1)以 a 最初的描述词如alone, alike, asleep, awake等不能做前置定语,可做表语或后置定语. (2)某些以副词词缀 -ly 完毕的词是描述词,如friendly, leisurely, lovely等.
专四必备语法:时态语态2015-11-23
一、时态、语态 时态、语态需求把握的关键: 1.表达将来时的方法: (1)在时刻、条件、退让从句中,一般现在时替代将来时,但要留意差异从句的类型,如: I’ll tell him when you will ring again. 我告知他你什么时候再来电话.(宾语从句) 比较:I’ll tell him when you ring again.你再打电话时我告知他.(状语从句)
专四必备语法:神态动词2015-11-23
七、神态动词 留意神态动词完成式的用法有两方面的含义: 1.表明现已发作的状况 (1)must have +过去分词,表明对已发作状况的必定估测,译为(昨日)必定…….如: My pain must have been apparent the moment I walked into the room, for the first man I met asked sympathetically: Are you feeling all right?
专四必备语法:平行结构2015-11-22
九、平行结构 1.留意比较结构中相比较的内容在语法方法上是否相同.如: It is better to die on one’s feet than to live on one’s knees. Despite the temporary difficulties, the manager prefers increasing the output to decreasing it. 2.其他具有并排或比较含义的短语.
专四必备语法:名词性从句2015-11-22
十四、复合句——名词性从句 一个语句起名词的效果,在句中做主语、宾语/介词宾语、表语、同位语,那么这个语句便是名词性从句. 1.what/whatever的用法 考生应把握:what是联络代词,它起着引导从句并在从句中担任一个成分这两个效果.
专四必备语法:分词2015-11-20
四、分词 分词起描述词和副词的效果,在句中做定语或状语.在概念上应清楚: ● 现在分词表明自动,表明动作在进行. ● 过去分词表明被迫,表明动作完毕了的状况或成果. 1.分词做定语,澄清现在分词与过去分词的差异 分词短语做定语相当于省掉了的定语从句,考生应把握:
专四必备语法:非谓语动词的其他考点2015-11-20
五、非谓语动词的其他考点 1.接不定式或动名词做宾语都能够,但在意思上有差异的动词的用法 mean to do想要(做某事) propose to do 计划(做某事)
专四必备语法:动名词2015-11-19
三、动名词 1.有必要接动名词做宾语的动词 紧记下列要求接动名词做宾语的动词: acknowledge, advocate, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, admit, confess, consider, delay, deny, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, favor, finish, forgive, imagine, involve, justify, mention, pardon, practice, postpone, recall,recollect,risk, resist, suggest, tolerate.
专四必备语法:定语从句2015-11-19
十三、复合句——描述词性(定语)从句 1.特别要留意whose的用法 whose在从句中做定语,润饰名词.所以,假如联络代词后边紧接的是名词,且联络代词又不在从句中做主语或宾语,那么,这个联络代词就应该是whose.
专四必备语法:倒装结构2015-11-18
十二、倒装结构 1.下列否定词及含有否定含义的词组润饰状语时,若置于句首,语句的主谓要部分倒装
专四必备语法:代词2015-11-18
十、代词 1.与所指代的名词在性、数、格上是否共同 如:Each cigarette a person smokes does some harm, and eventually he may get a serious disease from its effect.
专四必备语法:不定式2015-11-17
二、不定式 1.不定式做主语 (1)引导逻辑主语的介词:不定式的逻辑主语一般由介词for引导,但下列表明人的性情行为特征的描述词做表语时, 不定式的逻辑主语则由of引导:
英语专四关键语法解析:than、比较2015-11-17
than 1. Mary is _______ than Alice. (1992) A. more experienced a teacher B. a more experienced teacher C. more an experienced teacher D. more experienced teacher (an experienced teacher, 比较级加在描述词前,因而B.) 2._______ the two, Bob is ________ student.

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